Why do we need a parliament sample paper

Q1. Why are some seats reserved for SC and ST in the Parliament?

Solution

Communities that have been historically marginalised are given adequate representation in the Parliament. Therefore, some seats are reserved in the Parliament for SC and ST communities. This has been done so that the MPs elected from these constituencies will be familiar with Dalit and Adivasi interests in Parliament and can represent them.

Q2. Mention about the political participation of women in the Parliament.

Solution

Sixty years ago, 4% of MPs were women, and today, it is just above 9%. This a very small share as compared to the population of women. More recently, it has been suggested that there should be reservation of seats for women. However, this issue is still being debated.

Q3. What is the most important function of the Lok Sabha?

Solution

The most important function of the Lok Sabha is to select the Executive. The Executive is a group of persons who work together to implement the laws made by the Parliament.

Q4. Explain the activities taking place when the Parliament is in session.

Solution

The activities are

  • The Parliament begins with a question hour.
  • The question hour is an important mechanism through which MPs extract information about the working of the government.
  • The members of the Parliament then ask questions to the government alerting it of its shortcomings.
  • It also shows the opinion of the people through their representatives in the Parliament, i.e. the MPs.
  • The Opposition parties play a critical role in the healthy functioning of a democracy as they highlight drawbacks in various policies and programmes of the government. They also mobilise popular support for their own policies.
  • The Parliament’s approval in all matters dealing with finances is crucial for the government.

Q5. Define by-election.

Solution

By-election is a special type of election that is held only for a constituency to replace someone or fill in the vacancy that is cause by death or by a resignation of a member.

Q6. What is the principle of Universal Adult Franchise?

Solution

Universal Adult Franchise means that all the people of the country have a right to vote and choose the government of their choice.

Q7. Explain about the term of the Lok Sabha.

Solution

The Lok Sabha is elected for a term of five years. However, it does not necessarily have a fixed term. There is a possibility that it can be dissolved even before it completes its term. This can happen when there is a ‘no-confidence’ motion passed against the government.

Because the government losses its majority, it cannot rule the country. The President then has to look for an alternative, and if there is no backing for another member, then the Lok Sabha is dismissed. Fresh elections take place in the country, and the members of the Lok Sabha are elected.

Sometimes, the term of the Lok Sabha can be extended if there is an emergency. For example, the 5th Lok Sabha term, i.e. 1971-1977.

Q8. What is the difference between the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha?

Solution

Lok SabhaRajya Sabha
The minimum age to be elected as a member of the Lok Sabha is 25 years.The minimum age to be elected as a member of the Rajya Sabha is 35 years.
Maximum members: 543 elected and 2 nominated by the President.Maximum members: 233 elected and 12 nominated by the President.
Elections are conducted after every 5 years.Permanent body. One-third members retire every 2 years and members are elected in their place.
Members of the Lok Sabha are directly elected by eligible voters.Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of State Legislative Assemblies.
The Lok Sabha is the Lower House also known as the House of the People.The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House also known as the Council of States.
Money Bills can only be introduced in the Lok Sabha.A Money Bill is sent to the Rajya Sabha only for 14 days.

Q9. What do you mean by Coalition form of government?

Solution

Coalition means a temporary alliance of groups or parties. It refers to the alliance formed by political parties after elections when no party has been able to get adequate seats to form a clear majority.

Q10. What is constituency?

Solution

A country is divided into many separate units or areas for the purpose of holding elections. Each area in which elections are held is known as a constituency. People living in a constituency elect their own representative from their constituency.

Q11. What is the Rajya Sabha? Explain its functions.

Solution

The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of the Parliament. It is also known as the Council of States. It functions primarily as the representative of the states of India in the Parliament.

  • It initiates legislation.
  • A bill is required to pass through the Rajya Sabha in order to become a law.
  • The Rajya Sabha reviews and alters the laws initiated by the Lok Sabha.
  • The members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of various states.
  • The President nominates 12 members, plus there are 233 elected members.

Q12. What is the composition of the Lok Sabha?

Solution

The Lok Sabha cannot have more than 552 members. Of these, 530 members are elected from the states and 20 members are elected from the Union Territories. The seats are allotted according to the population in the state.

Q13. How was the life of the people in context to freedom during the colonial rule?

Solution

The life of the people under colonial rule was such that

  • They lived in fear from the British government and did not agree with many of the decisions that they took.
  • They faced grave danger if they tried to criticise the decisions taken by the British Government.

This led to the start of the freedom movement which changed the situation.

Q14. Define election.

Solution

Election is defined as an act or process of choosing someone for a public office by voting.

Q15. Mention the steps required for a bill to be made into a law.

Solution

The steps are

  1. First Reading
  2. Second Reading
  3. Third Reading
  4. Joint Sitting

Q16. Name four major national parties.

Solution

The four nationalist parties are

  1. Indian National Congress
  2. Bharatiya Janata Party
  3. Communist Party of India
  4. Bahujan Samaj Party

Q17. What is Parliament?

Solution

Parliament of India, also popularly known as Sansad, is the supreme legislative body in India. It was created in 1947 and consists of the President and the two Houses—Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. The two Houses of Parliament form the Union Legislature.

Q18. State some of the functions of the Parliament.

Solution

Some of the functions of the Parliament are

  • Law-making
  • Introduction of new laws
  • Financial control over the government’s income
  • Control over the Executive
  • Organ of Information

Q19. What are general elections?

Solution

General elections are elections which are held generally after a period of five years for electing the members of primary Legislative bodies like the Lok Sabha and the Legislative Assembly.