Verb Notes

Verb – A verb is an Action or Position of a Subject.

   Ex.:- Mohan Plays Cricket.

If Verb is divided on the basis of its formation found into two forms.

  • Finite Verb
  • Non-Finite Verb

Finite Verb – A Verb that changes its form according to the Number and Tenses of its Subject is called “Finite Verb”.

Ex.:-

  • I want to play.
  • He wants to play.
  • He wanted to play.

Non – Finite Verb- A Verb that does not changed its form according to the Number and Tenses of its Subject is called “Non – Finite Verb”.

Ex.:-

  • I want to play.
  • He wants to play.
  • He wanted to play.

Ø  If Verb is divided on the basis of its Object presence found into two forms.

  1. Transitive Verb
  2. Intransitive Verb

Transitive Verb – A Verb with its Object in Sentence is called “Transitive Verb”.

Ex.:- Ram is writing a letter.

Intransitive Verb – A Verb without its Object in Sentence is called “Intransitive Verb”.

Ex.:- He laughs loudly.

Ø If Verb is divided on the basis of its uses found into two forms.

  • Principal Verb / Main Verb / Action Verb / Doing Verb / Leading Verb.
  • Auxiliary Verb / Helping Verb / Assistant Verb / Subordinate Verb.

Principal Verb – A Verb that shows the real Action in Sentence is called “Principal Verb”.

Ex.:-

  • Ram is dancing. 
  • Ram plays cricket.

Note – 1.यान रहे क इनक सं या असीमत होती ह।

Note – 2.यान रहे क यद कसी वा य म कसी भी तरह का एक मा Verb हो, तो उसे Principal Verbके ह ेणी म रखा जाता ह।

Ex.:- Ram is a dancer.

Auxiliary Verb – A Verb that works as the Assistant of Principal Verb in Sentence is called “Auxiliary Verb”.

Ex.:- Ram is dancing.

Note – 1.यान रहे क कसी भी वा य म बना P.V के A.V नहं आता।

Note – 2.अं ेजी ामर के तहत A.V क सं या मा 24 होती ह।

Note – 3. According to structure Auxiliary Verb can be divided into four forms.

  1. Be Auxiliary Verb
  2. Do Auxiliary Verb
  3. Have Auxiliary Verb
  4. Modals Auxiliary Verb