The indian constitution sample paper

Q1. Right to Freedom includes which six different freedoms?

Solution

The Right to Freedom includes the following:

  • Right to freedom of speech and expression.
  • Right to form associations.
  • Right to assembly peacefully and without arms.
  • Right to move freely and reside in any part of the country.
  • Right to practise any profession, occupation or business.

Q2. Why do we need a Constitution?

Solution

A Constitution is needed

  • To lay out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that the citizens want to live in.
  • To help us by setting rules and principles so that all the people in the country can agree on a way in which the country needs to be governed.
  • To define the nature of the country’s political system.
  • To ensure equality to minorities.
  • To prevent domination of the majority.
  • To protect and safeguard ourselves.
  • To avoid any type of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste etc.

Q3. What do you understand by the term Preamble?

Solution

The Preamble can be defined as an introduction of the Constitution. It explains the nature of the State of India and the goals of the government.

Q4. Define Tyranny.

Solution

Tyranny is defined as the cruel and unjust use of power or authority.

Q5. What was the Indian National Movement?

Solution

The Indian National Movement was a movement where thousands of men and women came together to fight the British rule. It emerged in the nineteenth century. This movement culminated during India’s Independence in 1947.

Q6. Explain Secularism.

Solution

Secularism can be defined as a state that does not officially promote a single religion.

Q7. What were the problems faced by the Constitution framers while framing the Indian Constitution?

Solution

The problems faced by the Constitution framers were that

  • The country was made up of several different communities who spoke different languages, belonged to different religions and had a distinct culture.
  • The country was going through considerable turmoil due to the partition of the country into India and Pakistan.
  • Some of the Princely States were undecided about their future.
  • The socioeconomic condition of the vast mass of people appeared dismal.

Q8. Define Sovereignty.

Solution

Sovereignty means a country being independent. People of the sovereign country follow the rules that are made by their representatives. In a sovereign nation, citizens and the government have the right to take decisions on internal and external matters. Also, no foreign power can impose its decisions on the country.

Q9. What do you mean by Constitution?

Solution

A Constitution is an important document which lays down principles of the country. It is the written law of the land by which the country is governed. It is also regarded as the ‘fundamental law’ of the country.

Q10. How many persons helped form the Constitution? How much time and money did the Constitution take to be made?

Solution

The Constitution was made by the Constituent Assembly which consisted of about 300 members. The members used to meet periodically for three years to write the Constitution.

The Constitution took about 2 years, eleven months and seventeen days to be completed. Rs 6.4 crore was spent on drafting the Constitution.

Q11. Which fundamental right has three provisions clearly prohibiting exploitation of the weaker sections of society?

Solution

The fundamental right is Right against Exploitation. The Constitution prohibits trafficking, forced labour and employment of children under 14 years of age in industries.

Q12. Explain Nepal’s struggle for democracy.

Solution

Nepal is on the northern borders of India. It has witnessed several people’s struggles for democracy. The previous Constitution of Nepal, which was adopted in 1990, had the final authority rested with the King. Thus, people’s struggle in 1990 established democracy that lasted for 12 years until 2002. However, in October 2002, King Gyanendra cited the Maoist uprising in the countryside and started taking over different aspects of the government with the army’s assistance. The King then finally took control as the head of government in February 2005.

In 2006, people’s movement for democracy began gaining immense force and it repeatedly refused the small concessions that the King made. In April 2006, the King restored the Third Parliament and asked the political parties to form a government. Finally, in 2007, Nepal adopted an Interim Constitution.

Q13. What has been done to prevent religious-based exclusion and discrimination of lower castes?

Solution

To prevent religious-based exclusion and discrimination of lower castes, the following has been done:

  • The Indian Constitution bans untouchability.
  • The State may have to intervene in the religion-based ‘personal laws’ of communities.

Q14. Which part of the Constitution was adopted from the Constitution of Ireland?

Solution

The Directive Principles of the State policy was adopted from the Constitution of Ireland.

Q15. What are the three organs in which the Constitution has divided the power to govern the country?

Solution

The three organs of the government in which the Constitution had instilled powers to govern the country are

  • The Executive
  • The Legislative
  • The Judiciary

Q16. How many Articles does our Constitution contain?

Solution

Initially, our Constitution had 395 Articles and 8 Schedules. Currently, our Constitution has 395 Articles, 12 Schedules and 94 Amendments.

Q17. When was the Constituent Assembly convened?

Solution

The Constituent Assembly was convened on December 1946.

Q18. What does Federalism mean?

Solution

Federalism refers to the existence of more than one level of government for controlling the country. The country is divided into various levels—national, state and local levels of government. The Prime Minister is the head of the central government, while the Chief Minister is the head of the state government.

Q19. State the six Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution.

Solution

The six Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution are

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Right to Freedom
  3. Right against Exploitation
  4. Right to Freedom of Religion
  5. Cultural and Educational Rights
  6. Right to Constitutional Remedies

Q20. What do mean by Parliamentary form of government?

Solution

Parliamentary form of government means that the people of India have a direct role in electing their representatives. This feature is known as universal adult franchise, and it is guaranteed to all the citizens.