‘Animals also feel the pleasu re of love and the pain of separation’.

Make a presentation by giving examples from your own experience.


Animals alsofeel the pleasure of love and the pain of separation . It is absolutely correct that animals also feel the pl easure of love and pain of separation. Generally we keep pets in our houses. They may be dogs, parrots, cats, show birds, cows, etc.

Once it so happened. My brother purchased a puppy from an animal store. We named him Lucky. He started living with us as a family member. For a day or so he did not like our house environment but later on he become familiar with us.

When my brother came to home from school, Lucky became very happy and started waving his tale very fast. He also started licking his hand and feet also. One day we had to go out of station for two day. We had handed over him to my aunty who lived in the next street.

When we came back after two days, he rushed to us and ju mp on. He started moving to and fro near us. He was feeling very happy. Aunty told us Lucky had not taken food for two days. He was very sad in last two days.

Thus, the animals too feel the pleasure of love and pain of separation.



Pets have unique care and handling requiremen ts and should only be kept by those with the commitment to understa nd and meet their needs. Give your argument in support of or against this statement.


There is an on-going debate on whether snake charmers should continue in thei r profession. You can get some idea about the debate from the newspa per clipping ( The Hind u, 16 June 2004) given below. Read it, discuss in pairs or groups, and write either for or against the profession of snake charmers.

By Our Staff Reporter

Report comes in support of snake charmers

NEW DELHI, JUNE 15. Over 30 years after the introduction of the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA) that banned  the catching of snakes in India, a small  community of snake  charmers  continues to practise the  trad e catching  over 400,000  snakes every year -which ultima tely die -in defiance of th e law. A report based  on new research by the Wildlife Trust of India  (WTI), however, has strongly recommended   that  the  traditional  knowledge  of  the snake  charmers  and  skills be  now utilised  for education  and  medicine  by  setting up sapera   centres. This  is mainly  because  the  community has virtually  no  access  to land,  education  or  employment  opportunities. They  are dependen t on  snake charming to earn  a livelihood. They trade around  as vendors  of traditional  medicin e, snake catchers and musicians. Ignorance about the law is quite common.

The report entitled ‘Biodiversity, Livelihoods and the Law: The Case of the Jogi-Nath Snake Charmers of India’ based on path -breaking research was formally rel eased by the Inspector General of Forests, V.K. Bahuguna, along with a presentation by members of the sapera community in the Capital on Monday.

“Despite thirty years of the law being in existence, over 70 per cent of the Jogi-Naths are still dependent on snake charming to earn a livelihood. Ignorance about the law was quite common. None of them own land, even though they would like to,” said Bahar Dutt, who led this research. Nota bly, most of those practising the trade in the current generation are all under 35 years of age.

Trapping occurs throughout the year and during their travels, though this activity increases during the monsoons. According to the data, each family on an average collects at least seven snakes. Most snakes were force-fed and snake husbandry methods and health were found to be poor.

“The snake charmers community council imposes a heavy fine on a person if the snake dies in his custody as it is considered an extremely bad omen. As a result, the snakes are released when the charmers realise  that their condition is deteriorating,” said Dutt. Their ambition to showcase the reptiles and earn money was not fulfilled, as they flouted four WPA provisions, for illegally possessing the animals, not feeding them properly, causing injuries by extracting teeth unscientifically and kHling snakes for the valuable snake parts and bones. Their offence generally invites imprisonment for three to seven years and a fine up to    25,000 in each case.

“On the positive side researchers found that the snake charmers possess a unique ability to handle venomous snakes with a tremen dous knowledge of the different species an d thei r behaviour. They are also called by local farmers to retrieve snakes, who would otherwise just kill them, from agricultural fields or human inhabited areas,” she said.


A Debate on Handling Requirement for the Pets God has created varied living being on the Earth and all remai n happy as well as satisfied whey they enjoy their natural habitat. Let us consider dog as a pet an imal. It won’t be happy if improper food and shelter is given. In the lesson ‘The Bond of Love’, we can see that Baba was transported to the zoo when it became big in size though it was unhappy in the zoo as it was devoid of affection.

When it was requested by the narrator’s wife to the curator that they want to take it back, they had to make specific arrangements for his up-keen. Thus, if we want to keep pets, we are supposed to meet their needs with utmost care.


Snakes and Snake Charmers

There was a time when snake charmers of India were known for th eir wonderful skill all over the world. They could make it dance to the tune of their flute and handle almost all type of snakes.

In those days India was also known for its rain forests. Snakes had their place among other animals. Due to increase in populatio n, now a days we have big cities, industries, etc.,

which reduces the forests and its wild animals habitats. The number of wild animals including snakes are gradually reducing in quantity. Peopl e kill snakes whether they are poisonous or non-poisonous because snakes are looked upon as wicked.

Snake charmers too are no longer popular. Their profession can no longer support them. It is high time to save not only snakes but snake charmers also. The skill of snake charmers can be utilised in profitable way in scientific researches.

People need to know more about snakes and snake charmers, so they should be rehabilitated.