Rules of NOUN (English grammar)

Noun – Noun Is A Word Used As A Name Of A Person Place Or Thing .

OR

Whatever We Received By Our Physical Eyes And Feel Through Our Sense Is Called Noun

❝ किसी व्यक्ति , वस्तु , स्थान, गुण , कार्य या अवस्था के नाम को संज्ञा कहते हैं | ❞

Kinds Of Noun

Countable Noun

  • Common Noun
  • Collective Noun

Uncountable Noun

  • Proper Noun
  • Material Noun
  • Abstract Noun

1. Common Noun – It Represents The Category To Which A Person , Place & Thing Belongs.

Example – Boy, Girl ,City ,Continent, Animal ,Book ,Mobile Etc. .

2. Proper Noun – It Represents The Name Of A Specific Person, Place Or Thing (Unique) & Begins With A Capital Letter,

Example Ram, Radha, India, Lucknow ,Asia Etc. .

3. Collective Noun -It Refers To A Group Of People, Animals Or Things.

Example – Team, Crowd ,Jury ,Bunch, Committee Etc. .

4. Material Noun -It Is Used To Name Material/Substances With Which Something Is Made .

Example – Gold, Silver, Cotton ,Wood ,Diamond Etc.
I.E.- The Necklace Is Made Of Gold.

5. Abstract Noun -It Is Used To Name, Emotions, Ideas ,Feelings, Quality ,Action State, That Has No Physical Existance.

Example – Honesty, Fear, Every, Sincerity ,Important .

Important Rules Of Noun

Rule 1

कुछ Noun का प्रयोग हमेशा Plural Form में ही होता है | क्योंकि वे दिखने में भी Plural होते हैं ,और उनका प्रयोग Plural Verbs के साथ होता है | इन Nouns के अंत में लगे s को हटाकर इन्हें Singular नहीं बना सकते |
Example –Pants,Scissors,Tongs,Wages,Riches,Gallows,Regards Etc.
i.e. –

  • Where Is My Pants ?(✖)
  • Where Are My Pants ?(✔)

Rule 2

कुछ Nouns दिखने में Plural लगते हैं,लेकिन अर्थ में Singular होते हैं | इनका Use हमेशा Singular Verb में ही होता है |
Example -News ,Billiards, Athletics, Innings, Politics, Physics ,Mumps, Measles, Economics ,Summons ,Mathematics Etc.
i.e. –

  • Politics Are A Dirty Game. (✖)
  • Politics Is A Dirty Game. (✔)

Rule 3

कुछ Nouns दिखने में Singular होते हैं , लेकिन अर्थ में Plural होते हैं | इनका Use हमेशा Plural Verb में ही होता है | इनके साथ s या es लगाकर इन्हें Plural बनाना अनिवार्य नहीं है |
Example –People, Folk, Cattle, Public, Poultry ,Children ,Police, Infantry, Gentry Etc.
i.e. –

  • The Cattle Is Grazing In The Field. (✖)
  • The Cattle Are Gazing In The Field. (✔)

Rule 4

कुछ Nouns ऐसे हैं , जो दिखते भी Singular हैं और होते भी Singular हैं | इनके साथ A/An का Use भी नहीं किया जाता है |ये Uncountable होते है |
Example –Scenery, Poetry, Furniture ,Advise ,Information ,Hair, Business ,Bread, Stationery, Luggage, Baggage, Postage ,Knowledge, Wastage ,Jewellery ,Breakage, Work ,Evidence, Fuel ,Cost, Equipment, Mischief, Traffic, Alphabet Etc.
i.e. –

  • Hair Are Black. (✖)
  • His Hair Is Black (✔)

Rule 5

If Some Word Is Given Before The Noun Of ❛Rule 4❜ Which Shows Plurality Then We Will Use Some Extra Word Before These Nouns.
Example – Pieces Of, Articles Of, Kinds Of, Types Of ,Slices Of, Items Of Etc.
i.e. –

  • He Gave Me All Pieces Of Information.
  • He Ate Two Slices Of Bread.

Rule 6

Hyphenated Noun का प्रयोग कभी भी Plural Form में नहीं होता है |
i.e. –

  • He Gave Me Six Hundred Rupees Notes. (✖)
  • He Gave Me Six Hundred Rupee Notes. (✔)
  • He Stays In Five Stars Hotels. (✖)
  • He Stays In Five Star Hotels. (✔)

Rule 7

यदि किसी Noun के बाद Preposition का प्रयोग हो और फिर वही Noun रिपीट हो तो वह Noun Singular Form में होना चाहिए |
i.e.

  • Ship After Ship Are Arriving. (✖)
  • Ship After Ship Is Arriving. (✔)

Rule 8

Some Nouns Are Used In Singular Form When Definite Numeral Adjective Are Used Before Them.
Example – Dozen, Hundred, Thousand, Million, Pair, Score, Stone, Gross, Billion Etc.
i.e.

  • I Have Two Pairs Of Shoes. (✖)
  • I Have Two Pair Of Shoes. (✔)

NOTE -यदि इनके साथ Indefinite Countable का प्रयोग हो तो इन्हें Pluralise किया जा सकता है |
Example -Dozens Of Women, Hundreds Of People, Millions Of Dollars, Many Pair Of Shoes Etc.
i.e.

  • He Donated Million Of Rupees. (✖)
  • He Donated Millions Of Rupees. (✔)

Use Of Noun In Possesive Case

Rule 9

Living Nouns के साथ ‘s और Non-Living Nouns के साथ OF का प्रयोग करते हैं |
i.e. –

  • My Room’s Roof Is Leaking Badly.(✖)
  • The Roof Of My Room Is Leaking Badly.(✔)
  • The Wife Of Rahul Is Very Beautiful.(✖)
  • Rahul’s Wife Is Very Beautiful.(✔)

Rule 10

In Care Of Transferring Relation ❛S❜ Cannot Be Used With Two Nouns Side By Side.
i.e. –

  • My Friend’s Sister’s Son Is A Doctor.(✖)
  • The Son Of My Friend’s Sister Is A Doctor.(✔)

Rule 11

With Compound Noun Also (‘s) Is Used With The Last Noun.
i.e. – 

  • This Is My Brother’s-In-Law House.(✖)
  • This Is My Brother-In-Law’s House.(✔)

Rule 12

यदि Plural शब्द का Last Letter (s) है तो Apostrophe का Use करते वक्त (s) नहीं लगाते हैं ,केवल Apostrophe(‘) का ही Use करते हैं |
i.e. – 

  • I Went To Boys’s Hostel.(✖)
  • I Went To Boys’ Hostel.(✔)

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