1 Answer these questions in one or two sentences each. (The paragraph numbers within brackets provide clues to the answers.)

  • 1. Why was the ‘holy man’ who gave Santosh’s mother his blessings surprised?
  • 2. Give an example to show that even as a young girl Santosh was not ready to accept anything unreasonable.
  • 3. Why was Santosh sent to the local school?
  • 4. When did she leave home for Delhi, and why?
  • 5. Why did Santosh’s parents agree to pay for her schooling in Delhi? What mental qualities of Santosh are brought into light by this incident?

Solution : 1

  1. At the time when Santosh’s mother was expecting, society considered the birth of a son a blessing, and a daughter, though not considered a curse, was not generally welcome. The ‘holy man’ who gave Santosh’s mother his blessings was therefore surprised because he had assumed that Santosh’s mother wanted a son.However, the unborn child’s grandmother told him that they did not want a son.
  2. Santosh began living life on her own terms from the start. Where other girls wore traditional Indian dresses, Santosh preferred shorts. From the very beginning she was quitedetermined that if she chose a correct and a rational path, the others around her and not herself had to change.
  3. Even though Santosh’s parents could afford to send their children to the best schools, she was sent to the local village school due to the prevailing custom in the family.
  4. At sixteen, most of the girls in her village used to get married. Santosh was also under pressure from her parents to do the same. She threatened her parents that she would never marry if she did not get a proper education. She therefore left home and got herself enrolled in a school in Delhi.
  5. When Santosh’s parents refused to pay for her education, she politely informed them of her plans to earn money by working part time to pay her school fees. Then, her parents agreed to pay for her schooling in Delhi.This shows that Santosh was a mentally-strong girl and was determined to work very hard to get herself properly educated.

2. Answer each of these questions in a short paragraph (about 30 words).

  • 1. How did Santosh begin to climb mountains?
  • 2. What incidents during the Everest expedition show Santosh’s concern for her team-mates?
  • 3. What shows her concern for the environment?
  • 4. How does she describe her feelings at the summit of the Everest?
  • 5. Santosh Yadav got into the record books both times she scaled Mt Everest. What were the reasons for this?

Solution : 2

  1. From her room in Kasturba Hostel, she watched people going up the Aravalli Hills and vanishing after a while. On investigating, she found nobody except a few mountaineers, and she asked if she could join them. They agreed and even motivated her to take to climbing and so she later accompanied them on their climbing expedition. This was how she began climbing mountains.
  2. During  the  Everest  mission,  Santosh  provided special care to  a  climber who lay dying at the South Co,  but  she  was unsuccessful in saving him. However, she managed to save another climber, Mohan Singh, by sharing her oxygen with him. These incidents show her concern for her team-mates.
  3. Santosh was a fervent environmentalist. She collected and brought down 500 kilograms of garbage from the Himalayas.
  4. Santosh says that the feeling at the summit of the Everest was indescribable. It took some time for the enormity of the moment to sink in. Unfurling the Indian flag on the top of the world was a spiritual moment for her. She felt proud as an Indian.
  5. When Santosh Yadav first scaled Mt Everest, she became the youngest woman in the world to achieve the feat. On repeating this feat, she became the only woman to have scaled Mt Everest twice and secured for herself and India a unique place in the annals of mountaineering.

Solution : 3

  1. From her room in Kasturba Hostel, Santosh used to watch villagers going up the hill and suddenly vanishing after awhile.
  2. When she finished college, Santosh had to write a letter of apology to her father because she  had  got  herself  enrolled  at  Uttarkashi’s  Nehru  Institute  of Mountaineering without his permission.
  3. During the Everest expedition, her seniors in the team admired her climbing skills, physical fitness and mental strength while her concern for others and desire to work together with them endeared her to fellow climbers.

Solution : 4

  1. took to be true without proof
    • Assumed
  2. based on reason; sensible; reasonable
    • Rational
  3. the usual way of doing things
    • (Custom
  4. a strong desire arising from within
    • Urge
  5. the power to endure, without falling ill
    • ResistanceChapter

8 – Reach for the Top Exercise 104

Solution : 1

1.Something disarmingSomething that makes you feel friendly, taking away your suspiciousness odds withIn contrast to ; not agreeing with
3.glamorous attireAttractive and exciting clothes almost no timeQuickly, almost immediately
5.poised beyond her yearsMore calm, confidents and in control than people of her age usually are
6.packed offSent off
8.heart wrenchingCausing strong feeling of sadness

Solution:  2.

  1. Maria was sent to the United States for her tennis training. That trip to Florida with her father launched her on the path to success and stardom. 
  2. Her mother could not go with her because of visa restrictions. 
  3. Her hobbies are fashion, singing and dancing. She likes reading novels of Arthur Conan Doyle. On one hand, she is fond of sophisticated evening gowns and on the other, of pancakes with chocolate spread and fizzy orange drinks. 
  4. Apart from money, the motivation to become the number one in the world keeps her going. Her talent, unwavering desire to succeed and readiness to sacrifice have lifted her to the top of the world.

Chapter 8 – Reach for the Top Exercise 107

Solution : 1

Points of Comparison/ContrastSantosh  YadavMaria Sharapova
1.Their humble beginningShe was born in the small   village   of  Joniyawas of Rewari District in Haryana.She was born in the frozen plains of Siberia.
2.Their parents’ approachAt sixteen, most of the girls in her village used to get married.Santosh was also under pressure from her parents to do the same.Her  parents disapproved of her going to Delhi to get abetter   education. When her parents refused to pay for her education, she politely informed them of her plans to earn money by working part time to pay her school fees. Her parents then agreed to pay for her educationHer father worked as much as he could to keep her tennis-training going and that is why he took her to
Later they got used to her urge for more education.the United States
3.Their will power and strongdesire to succeedShe saved money and enrolled herself at Uttarakashi’s Nehru Institute of Mountaineering, went on an expedition every year, and eventually scaled Mt Everest.She never thought of quitting as she knew what she wanted. Her will to become ‘number one in the world’ kept her going.
4.Evidence of their mentaltoughnessShe went on an expedition every year. Her skill matured rapidly and equipped with an iron will, physical endurance and an amazing mental toughness, sheproved herself repeatedly and finally she scaled Mt Everest.She was lonely as her mother could not be in the U.S. because of visa restrictions and her father was working as much as he could to keep her tennis training going.The other tennis pupils came in at 11 p.m. and ordered her to tidy up the room and clean it. Instead of letting that depress   her, she became more determined and mentally tough.
5.Their patriotismWhen she unfurled the Indian flag at the summit of the Everest, the feeling was undescribable, it was a truly spiritual moment and she felt proud to be an Indian.Though the U.S. is a big part of Maria Sharapova’s life, and she speaks with a pronounced American accent, she proudly parades her Russian nationality, says   herblood is totally Russian, and she would play the Olympics for Russia if   they wanted  her to.

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