# NCERT Solutions for Class 4 Maths Chapter 11 Tables and Shares

### Tables and Shares

NCERT book Page No: 120

Shyama’s Garden

Question: 1

What are the ways in which the sunflower and marigold are planted?

18 = _________ × ________ So there is ____ row with ___ plants.

18 = _________ × ________ So there are ___ rows with ____ plants each.

18 = 1 × 18, so there is 1 row with 18 plants.

18 = 2 × 9, so there are 2 rows with 9 plants each.

NCERT book Page No: 121

Jars in the Shelf

Bheema made a shelf for 30 jars. This is a long shelf with two rows. Each row has the same number of jars.

Question: 2

Can you think of other ways to make a shelf to keep 30 jars?

Answer: We can make a shelf in 3 rows in which each row has 10 jars. The shelf looks like as below figure

The other ways to keep the jars as follows

5 rows containing 6 jars in a row

6 rows containing 5 jars in a row

Question: 3

Draw a shelf. Show how many jars you will keep in each row. How many rows are there?

10 rows containing 6 jars in a row

6 rows containing 10 jars in a row

5 rows containing 12 jars in a row

12 rows containing 5 jars in a row

20 rows containing 3 jars in a row

NCERT book Page No: 122

Question: 4

Help Bunty to make the table of 7, using tables of 4 and 3.

Question: 5

Which two tables will you use for writing the table of 12?

To write the table of 12, I will use the table of 4 and 8. The table of 4 is as follows:

The table of 8 is as follows:

Now, the table 12 become as given below

NCERT book Page No: 123

How Many Cats?

Question: 6

Some of Gayatri’s cats were playing in a box. When she tried to count, all she could see were legs. She counted 28 legs. How many cats are there in the box?

So 28 legs mean ________ cats.

Answer: We know a cat has 4 legs.

From the table, it is clear that 7 cats will be having 28 legs

Therefore, there are 7 cats in the box

Question: 7

Billo has kept his chickens in a box. He counted 28 legs. How many chickens are there?

Answer: We know that a chicken has 2 legs.

From the table, we come to know that 14 chickens has 28 legs.

Hence, there are 14 chickens.

Question: 8

Leela has not gone to school for 21 days. For how many weeks was she away from school?

Answer: We know, there are 7 days in a week. Hence,

Here, 28 days means 3 weeks. Hence, for 3 weeks she was away from school.

NCERT book Page No: 124

Jumping Animals

A frog jumps 3 steps at a time starting from 0.

Question: 9

(a) Count the jumps he takes to reach 27.

So, he has taken 27 ÷ 3 = ________ jumps.

Answer: So, he has taken 27 ÷ 3 = 9 jumps.

(b) He has taken ________ jump, if he is at 36.

Answer: Jumps taken by the frog to cover 3 steps = 1

Number of jumps taken by the frog to cover 36 steps = 36 ÷ 3

= 12 jumps

Therefore, he has taken 12 jumps, if he is at 36.

(c) If he is at 42, he has taken ________ jumps.

Answer: Jumps taken by the frog to cover 3 steps = 1

Number of jumps taken by the frog to cover 42 steps = 42 ÷ 3

= 14 jumps

Hence, he has taken 14 jumps, if he is at 42.

Question: 10

Starting from 0, a rabbit jumps 5 steps at a time.

(a) In how many jumps does he reach 25?

Answer: Jumps taken by the rabbit to cover 5 steps = 1

Number of jumps taken by the rabbit to cover 25 steps = 25 ÷ 5

= 5 jumps

Therefore, a rabbit reach 25 in 5 jumps.

(b) He reaches ________ after taking 8 jumps.

Answer: Number of steps taken by the rabbit to cover 1 jump = 5

Number of steps taken by the rabbit to cover 8 jumps = 5 × 8 = 40

Therefore, he reaches 40 after taking 8 jumps.

(c) He needs ________ jumps to reach 55.

Answer: Jumps taken by the rabbit to cover 5 steps = 1

Number of jumps taken by the rabbit to cover 55 steps = 55 ÷ 5

= 11 jumps

Hence, he needs 11 jumps to reach 55.

Practice Time

Question: 11

1) 28 ÷ 2 =

Answer: 28 ÷ 2 = 14

∴ 28 ÷ 2 = 14

2) 56 ÷ 7 =

Answer: 56 ÷ 7 = 8

∴ 56 ÷ 7 = 8

3) 48 ÷ 4 =

Answer: 48 ÷ 4 = 12

∴ 48 ÷ 4 = 12

4) 66 ÷ 6 =

Answer: 66 ÷ 6 = 11

∴ 66 ÷ 6 = 11

5) 96 ÷ 8 =

Answer: 96 ÷ 8 = 12

∴ 96 ÷ 8 = 12

6) 110 ÷ 10 =

Answer: 110 ÷ 10 = 11

∴ 110 ÷ 10 = 11

NCERT book Page No: 125

He took 28 shells for one necklace.

112 – 28 = 84

Now he was left with 84 shells. Again he took 28 more shells for the second necklace.

Question: 12

(a) How many shells are left now?

Number of shells used for the second necklace = 28

Number of shells left with Dhruv = 84 – 28

= 56

Therefore, Dhruv was left with 56 shells.

(b) Then he took shells for the third necklace.

So he was left with ______ shells.

For third necklace, he took 28 more shells.

Number of shells left with Dhruv = 56 – 28

= 28

So he was left with 28 shells.

(c) How many necklaces can Dhruv make from 112 shells?

Number of necklaces that Dhruv can make from 112 shells = 112 ÷ 28

= 4

Hence, Dhruv can make 4 necklaces from 112 shells.

(d) Are the shells enough for making necklaces for all his friends?

Yes, the number of shells were sufficient for making necklaces for all his friends. Dhruv was left with 28 shells after making 3 necklaces for his friends.

Try these

Question: 13

(a) Kannu made a necklace of 17 sea-shells. How many such necklaces can be made using 100 sea-shells?

Total number of shells = 100

Sea- shells required to make 1 necklace = 17 sea-shells

Hence, number of shells left after making 1 necklace = 100 – 17

= 83

Shells left after making 2 necklace = 83 – 17

= 66

Shells left after making 3 necklace = 66 – 17

= 49

Shells left after making 4 necklace = 49 – 17

= 32

Shells left after making 5 necklace = 32 – 17

= 15

Thus, 15 shells left after making 5 necklaces.

Therefore, 5 necklaces can be made by using 100 sea shells.

(b) One carton can hold 85 soap bars. Shally wants to pack 338 soap bars. How many cartons does she need for packing all of them?

Total number of cartons = 4

Therefore, total number of cartons required to pack all 338 soap bars is 4 cartons.

(c) Manpreet wants 1500 sacks of cement for making a house. A truck carries 250 sacks at a time. How many trips will the truck make?

A driver charges Rs 500 for a trip. How much will Manpreet pay the driver for all the trips?

Number of sacks of cement Manpreet need for making a house = 1500

Sacks carried by the truck in 1 trip = 250

So, sacks carried by the truck in 2 trips = 250 × 2

= 500

Sacks carried by the truck in 3 trips = 250 × 3

= 750

Sacks carried by the truck in 4 trips = 250 × 4

= 1000

Sacks carried by the truck in 5 trips = 250 × 5

= 1250

Sacks carried by the truck in 6 trips = 250 × 6

= 1500

Hence, number of trips made by the truck to carry 1500 sacks = 1500 / 250

= 6 trips

Therefore, a truck need 6 trips to carry 1500 sacks of cement.

NCERT book Page No: 126 – 127

Gangu is making sweets for Id. He has made a tray of 80 laddoos.

Question: 14

(a) Are the sweets in the tray enough to pack 23 small boxes?

Number of laddoos needed to pack 1 small box = 4

Number of laddoos needed to pack 23 small boxes = 4 × 23

= 92

Therefore, 80 laddoos are not sufficient to pack 23 small boxes

(b) How many more sweets are needed?

Number of laddoos required to pack 23 small boxes = 92

Number of laddoos available = 80

Number of more laddoos needed = 92 – 80

Therefore, still 12 more laddoos are required to pack 23 small boxes.

(c) Gangu also has a bigger box in which he packs 12 laddoos. How many boxes does he need for packing 60 laddoos?

Number of boxes needed to pack 12 laddoos = 1

Number of boxes needed to pack 60 laddoos = 60 ÷ 12

= 5 boxes

Hence, 5 boxes are required to pack 60 laddoos.

Practice Time

Question: 15

Neelu brought 15 storybooks to her class. Today 45 students are present. How many children will need to share one book?

Total number of students in a class = 45 children

Number of books Neelu brought to her class = 15 books

Number of children to share 1 book = 45 ÷ 15 = 3

Therefore, 3 children share one book.

Question: 16

A family of 8 people needs 60 kg wheat for a month. How much wheat does this family need for a week?

Number of days in a month = 30

Number of days in a week = 7

Need of wheat for 8 people in a month or 30 days = 60 kg

Need of wheat for 8 people in a day = 60 ÷ 30

= 2 kg

Therefore, need of weight for 8 people in a day = 2 kg

So, need of wheat for 8 people for 7 days = 2 kg × 7

= 14 kg

Question: 17

Razia wants change for Rs 500

How many notes will she get if she wants in return –

(a) All 100 rupee notes?

Number of 100 rupee notes needed to change the note of Rs 500

= 500 ÷ 100

= 5

(b) All 50 rupee notes?

Number of 50 rupee notes needed to change the note of Rs 500

= 500 ÷ 50

= 10

(c) All 20 rupee notes?

Number of 20 rupee notes needed to change the note of Rs 500

= 500 ÷ 20

= 25

(d) All 5 rupee notes?

Number of 5 rupee note needed to change the note of Rs 500

= 500 ÷ 5

= 100

Question: 18

You have to distribute 72 tomatoes equally in 3 baskets. How many tomatoes will there be in each?

Total number of tomatoes to distribute = 72

So, number of tomatoes kept in each basket = 72 ÷ 3

= 24

Therefore, 24 tomatoes are distributed in each basket.

Question: 19

There are 350 bricks in a hand-cart. Binod found the weight of a brick to be 2 kg. What will be the weight of all the bricks?

Weight of 1 brick = 2 kg

Weight of 350 bricks = 2 × 350

= 700 kg

Therefore, weight of 350 bricks is 700 kg

NCERT book Page No: 129 – 130

Question: 20

Mridul and Lokesh are trying 70 ÷ 5 in a different way.

Lokesh writes –

First, I give Rs 5 to each.

I have distributed 5 × 5 = 25 rupees.

Next, I give Rs 6 more to every one.
I have distributed 30 rupees more.

(a) Now, I am left with _______ rupees.

(b) How will Lokesh distribute the rest of the money? Complete it.

So, each child gets 5 + 6 + _____ = _______ rupees.

(a)

Now, I am left with 15 rupees

(b) So, each child gets 5 + 6 + 3 = 14 rupees.

Question: 30

Now use your own method to divide Rs 70 equally among 5 people. If you want you can start by giving Rs 2 to each. Or you can even start with Rs 11 to each.

Giving Rs 2 to each

Therefore, each child gets = 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = Rs 14

Giving Rs 11 to each

Therefore, each child gets = 11 + 3 = Rs 14

Question: 31

Can you with Rs 15 to each?

We cannot start the distribution with Rs 15

Try doing these

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

NCERT book Page No: 130

Question: 32

Meera made 204 candles to sell in the market. She makes packets of 6. How many packets will she make?

If she packs them in packets of 12, then how many packets will she make?

Number of candles to be sold in the market = 204

Number of packets Meera made = 6

Number of candles in one packet = 6

Number of packets of candles Meera made = 204 ÷ 6

Hence, Meera will make 34 packets of candles.

Now, Meera makes 12 packets.

Number of candles in one packet = 12

Number of packets made by Meera = 204 ÷ 12

Hence, Meera makes 17 packets if she packs the candles in 12 packets.

Question: 33

On Sports Day, 161 children are in the school playground. They are standing in 7 equal rows. How many children are there in each row?

Total number of children in the school playground = 161

Total number of rows they are standing = 7

Given that the number of children in each row are equal

Number of children in each row 161 ÷ 7

Therefore, in each row there are 23 children.

NCERT book Page No: 131

Question: 34

How many rakhis are there in all packets?

Question: 35

How much amount does Saurabh pay for 1 packet of sugar?

Question: 36

How many students are there in each row?

NCERT book Page No: 132

Question: 37

What is the cost of the rail tickets of all four?

Question: 38

How many metres of cloth did Lalbiak buy in total?

#### NCERT Solutions for Class 4 Maths Chapter 12 How heavy how light

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