### How many times ?

**LEGGY ANIMALS**

**Question 1**:

**How many spiders? ____****One spider has ____ legs.****In all, spider legs are 3 times ____****Or, ____ + ____ + ____ = ____****Or 3 x ____ = ____**

**Answer:**

- How many spiders?
**3** - One spider has
**8**legs. - In all, spider legs are 3 times
**8** - Or,
**8**+**8**+**8**=**24** - Or 3 x
**8**=**24**

**Question 2**:

**So how many legs altogether do 5 octopuses have?**

**Answer**:

8 + 8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 40 legs

Or, 5 times 8 = 40 legs

Or, 5 x 8 = 40 legs

**FIND THE NUMBER WITHOUT COUNTING**

**Question**:

In the same way, how many bottles are these?

**Answer**:

4 times 5 = 4 x 5 = 20 bottles.

**Question**:

**How many eggs?**

**Answer**:

6 times 5 = 6 x 5 = 30 eggs.

**PRACTICE TIME**

**Question A**:

**4 × 18 is 4 times ___ or ___ + ___ + ___ + ___****3 × 20 is ___ times ___ or ___ + ___ + ___****8 × 9 is ___ times ___ or ___ + ___ + ___ + ___ + ___ + ___ + ___ + ___ + ___**

**Answer**:

- 4 × 18 is 4 times
**18**or**18**+**18**+**18**+**18** - 3 × 20 is
**3**times**20**or**20**+**20**+**20** - 8 × 9 is
**8**times**9**or**9**+**9**+**9**+**9**+**9**+**9**+**9**+**9**

**Question B**:

**Tell how many times!**

**Answer**:

- 8 + 8 + 8 =
**3**× 8 =**24** - 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 5 ×
**3**=**15** - 30 + 30 + 30 =
**3**×**30**=**90** - 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 + 7 =
**7**×**6**=**42** - 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 =
**4**× 12 =**48** - 6 + 6 + 6 =
**6**×**3**=**18** - 10 + 10 + 10 + 10 =
**4**×**10**=**40** - 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 =
**2**×**5**=**10** - 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 =
**7**×**6**=**42**

**Question C**:

**Ramu bought 4 packets of biscuits. Each packet has 4 biscuits. How many biscuits did Ramu buy?**

**Answer**:

Ramu bought 4 x 4 = 16 biscuits.

**Question D**:

**There are 12 desks in a classroom. Each desk has 4 legs. What is the total number of legs of the desks?**

**Answer**:

Total number of legs of the desks = 12 x 4 = 48 legs.

**Question E**:

**Sabiha brought home 3 bunches of flowers. Each bunch has 4 flowers. How many flowers were there?**

**Answer**:

Total number of flowers = 3 x 4 = 12 flowers.

**Question F**:

**One rail coach has 8 wheels. How many wheels in all in 6 coaches?**

**Answer**:

Total number of wheels in 6 coaches = 8 x 6 = 48 wheels.

**HOW MANY TIMES 2?**

**Question**:

**Fill in the blanks**

**Answer**:

**JUMP WITH ME**

**Question:**

**Tarru Frog jumps 3 steps each time. Which numbers will Tarru touch?**

**Answer:**

**STICK PLAY**

**Question:**

**Try making a 2 times table with sticks**

**Answer**:

- 1 × 2 = 2
- 2 × 2 = 4
- 3 × 2 = 6
- 4 × 2 =
**8** - 5 × 2 =
**10** - 6 × 2 =
**12** - 7 × 2 =
**14** - 8 × 2 =
**16** - 9 × 2 =
**18** - 10 × 2 =
**20**

**Question**:

**Now draw sticks to make the multiplication table of 6.**

**Answer**:

- 1 × 6 = 6
- 2 × 6 = 12
- 3 × 6 = 18
- 4 × 6 = 24
- 5 × 6 = 30
- 6 × 6 = 36
- 7 × 6 = 42
- 8 × 6 = 48
- 9 × 6 = 54
- 10 × 6 = 60

**SHOPPING WITH TABLES**

**Question**:

**How much do these things cost?**

**4 toffees cost ____ rupees.****3 pencil boxes cost ____ rupees.****10 pencil boxes cost ____ rupees.****9 balloons cost ____ rupees.****5 toys cost ____ rupees.****7 face masks cost ____ rupees.**

**Answer**:

- 4 x 2 = 8 rupees
- 3 x 10 = 30 rupees
- 10 x 10 = 100 rupees
- 9 x 5 = 45 rupees
- 5 x 4 = 20 rupees
- 7 x 3 = 21 rupees

**PRACTICE TIME**

**Question A**:

**Complete the following:**

**Answer:**

- 2 × 7 =
**14** - 3 × 9 =
**27** - 4 × 9 =
**36** - 5 × 2 =
**10** - 5 × 8 =
**40** - 3 × 10 =
**30** - 10 × 6 =
**60** - 2 × 8 =
**16** - 5 × 9 =
**45** - 10 × 8 =
**80**

**Question B**:

**Look at the patterns and complete them.**

Answer:

- 3, 6, 9,
**12, 15, 18**. - 2, 4, 6,
**8, 10, 12.** - 10, 20, 30,
**40, 50, 60.** - 4, 8, 12,
**16, 20, 24.** - 5, 10, 15,
**20, 25, 30.** - 30, 60, 90,
**120, 150, 180**

**Question C:**

**Complete the multiplication tree**

Answer:

**Question D**:

**How many in all?**

**A shirt has 5 buttons. How many buttons would 3 shirts have?****There are four fans. Each fan has 3 blades. What is the total number of blades in all?****A box contains 6 apples. How many apples in all will seven boxes have?****How many corners would 4 triangles have?**

**Answer**:

- 5 x 3 = 15 buttons
- 4 x 3 = 12 blades
- 6 x 7 = 42 apples
- 4 x 3 = 12 corners

**Question E**:

**Some multiplication facts**

**Answer**:

**PRACTICE TIME**

**Question A**:

**Multiply**

**Answer**:

- 22 × 3 = 66
- 43 × 2 = 86
- 21 × 4 = 84
- 24 × 2 = 48
- 11 × 5 = 55
- 30 × 5 = 150
- 20 × 4 = 80
- 23 × 9 = 207
- 26 × 4 = 104
- 38 × 2 = 76
- 25 × 3 = 75
- 24 × 5 = 120
- 35 × 3 = 105
- 48 × 4 = 192
- 32 × 5 = 160
- 58 × 2 = 116

**Question B**:

**First guess the answer and then calculate:**

**A flower has five petals. A bunch of flowers has 13 flowers. How many petals are there in the bunch?****A book has 64 pages. What will be the total number of pages in 8 such books?****Students stand in rows in the assembly. There are six rows of students. Each row has 17 students. How many students are there?****A design has 3 flowers in it. A piece of cloth has 17 such designs. How many flowers will be on the cloth?**

**Answer**:

- Total number of petals = 5 x 13 = 65 petals.
- Total number of pages = 64 x 8 = 512 pages.
- Total number of students = 6 x 17 = 102 students.
- Total number of flowers on the cloth = 3 x 17 = 51 flowers.

**PRACTICE TIME**

**Question 1**:

**First guess the answer and then check it by calculating:**

**Answer**:

- 42 × 23 =
**966** - 73 × 11 =
**803** - 51 × 13 =
**663** - 54 × 12 =
**648** - 25 × 36 =
**900** - 12 × 14 =
**168**

**MULTIPLICATION PATTERNS**

**Question A:**

**Did you see the pattern in the 9 times table? What numbers are adding up to 9?**

**Answer**:

Yes, the pattern in the 9 times table is that the sum of the digits in the product is always 9.

**Question B**:

**Complete the grid by multiplying the numbers**

**Answer**:

**Question c:**

**Look for other such crosses and copy them in your Notebook**

**Answer**:

- 6 + 12 + 18 =
**36**= 10 + 12 + 14 - 9 + 18 + 27 =
**54**= 16 + 18 + 20 - 8 + 10 + 12 =
**30**= 5 + 10 + 15