### Can We Share ?

**HOW MANY IN EACH GROUP?**

**Question 1**:

**There are ____ caterpillars.**

**They are in ____ groups.**

**There are ____ caterpillars in each group.**

**Answer**:

There are 21 caterpillars.

They are in 3 groups.

There are 7 caterpillars in each group.

**Question 2**:

**There are ____ laddoos.**

**They are in ____ groups.**

**There are ____ laddoos in each group.**

**Answer**:

There are 12 laddoos.

They are in 4 groups.

There are 3 laddoos in each group.

**Question 3**:

**Draw 18 stars.**

**Put them into 2 equal groups.**

**There are ____ stars in each group.**

**Answer**:

There are 9 stars in each group.

**Question 4**:

**Draw 18 beads.**

**Put them into 3 equal groups.**

**There are ____ beads in each group.**

**Answer**:

There are 6 beads in each group.

**SHARE THE GRAINS**

**Question 1**:

**Mummy bird brings 12 grains.**

**How to distribute equally?**

**Answer**:

There are 4 baby birds. To distribute the grains equally, mummy bird needs to give 3 grains to each baby bird.

**Question 2**:

**Mummy bird starts by giving 1 grain to each baby.**

**Then Mummy bird gives one more grain to each baby.**

**Each baby has got 2 grains now. How many grains are left?**

**Answer**:

Mummy bird has given 2 grains to each of the baby birds.

Number of grains left = 12 – 8 = 4 grains.

**TRY THESE NOW…**

**Question 1**:

**Gopu has 3 plates of jalebis.**

**Each plate has a different number of jalebis.**

**Now draw the jalebis on the plates below, so that each plate has the same number of jalebis.**

**Answer**:

Total number of jalebis in the 3 plates = 1 + 5 + 3 = 9 jalebis

So, in order to have equal number of jalebis on each plate, each plate must have 3 jalebis.

**Question 2**:

**How many jalebis are there altogether?**

**Answer**:

Altogether, there are 9 jalebis.

**Question 3**:

**How many jalebis are there in each plate?**

**Answer**:

Each plate has 3 jalebis.

**SHARING THEM EQUALLY**

**Question 1**:

**If there are 60 bananas and two monkeys, how many will each monkey get?**

**Answer**:

Number of bananas = 60

Number of monkeys= 2

Number of bananas each monkey will get = 60 ÷ 2 = 30 bananas.

**Question 2**:

**What if there are 600 bananas and two monkeys?**

**Answer**:

Number of bananas each monkey will get = 600 ÷ 2 = 300 bananas

**Question 3**:

**If there are 16 ten-rupee notes and four friends to share, then**

**16 ÷ 4 = ___ and 4 × 10 = 40 so each friend gets ___ rupees.**

**Answer**:

16 ÷ 4 = **4** and 4 × 10 = 40 so each friend gets **40** rupees.

**Question 4**:

**Five friends found Rs 100. If they share it equally, how much will each get?**

**Answer**:

100 ÷ 5 = 25

Each will get 25 rupees.

**Question 5**:

**Hari Prashad has 30 metres of rope.**

**He distributes it equally among his three children.**

**Each child gets ____ metres of rope.**

**Answer**:

30 ÷ 3 = 10

Each child gets 3 metres of rope.

**Question 6**:

**If there is 36 metres of rope, how much of rope will each child get?**

**Answer**:

36 ÷ 3 = 12

Each child gets 3 metres of rope.

**Question 7**:

**And if there is 60 metres of rope, how much will each child get?**

**Answer**:

60 ÷ 3 = 20

Each child gets 20 metres of rope.

**HOW MANY SHELVES?**

**Question 1**:

**If there are 28 buttons, and the tailor puts 7 buttons on each shirt, there will be ____ shirts with buttons.**

**28 ÷ 7 = ____**

**Answer**:

If there are 28 buttons, and the tailor puts 7 buttons on each shirt, there will be **4** shirts with buttons.

28 ÷ 7 = **4**

**PRACTICE TIMEQuestion 1:**

**Minku puts her 15 laddoos equally into 5 boxes.**

**(i)How many laddoos will there be in each box?**

**(ii)If she uses only 3 boxes, how many laddoos will there be in each box?**

**Answer**:

(i)There will be 3 laddoos in each box.

15 ÷ 5 = 3

(ii)There will be laddoos in each box.

15 ÷ 3 = 5

**Question 2**:

**Share 25 bananas among 5 monkeys. How many bananas for each monkey?**

**Answer**:

25 ÷ 5 = 5

Each monkey gets 5 bananas.

**Question 3**:

**Share 12 balloons among 3 boys. How many balloons for each boy?**

**Answer**:

12 ÷ 3 = 4

Each boy gets 4 balloons.

**Question 4**:

**There are 21 candles. Put them equally in 3 boxes. How many candles are there in each box?**

**Answer**:

21 ÷ 3 = 7

Each box will have 7 candles.

**Question 5**:

**There are 18 socks. How many girls can wear these socks?**

**Answer**:

Each girl will need 2 socks.

To divide 18 socks,

18 ÷ 2 = 9

So, 9 girls can wear these socks.

**Question 6**:

**Raj has 36 minutes to make rotis. One roti takes 3 minutes. How many rotis can he make in this time?**

**Answer**:

36 ÷ 3 = 12

He can make 12 rotis in this time.

**Question 7**:

**These are 24 footmarks of goats. So how many goats were there?**

**Answer**:

There are 24 footmarks of goats.

Each goat has 4 legs.

24 ÷ 4 = 6

There were 6 goats.

**Question 8**:

**Some girls are playing a game with both their hands. The girls who are playing have 60 fingers altogether. How many girls are playing this game?**

**Answer**:

Each girl will have 10 fingers.

Number of girls = 60 ÷ 10 = 6 girls.

Thus, 6 girls are playing this game.

**Question 9**:

**Lakshmi has 27 kg potatoes to sell. Three men came and bought equal amounts of potatoes.**

**Each man bought ____ kg of potatoes.**

**Answer**:

27 kg potatoes to be equally divided among 3 men->

27 ÷ 3 = 9

Each man bought 9 kg of potatoes.

**JUMPY ANIMALS**

**Question 1**:

**A frog jumps 2 steps at a time.****A squirrel jumps 3 steps.****A rabbit jumps 5 steps.****A horse jumps 15 steps.****A kangaroo jumps 30 steps.****In how many jumps will the frog reach 30?**

**Answer**:

The frog jumps 2 steps at a time.

To reach 30, number of jumps required = 30 ÷ 2 = 15 jumps

**Question 2**:

**In how many jumps will the squirrel reach 27?**

**Answer**:

The squirrel jumps 3 steps at a time.

To reach 27, number of jumps required = 27 ÷ 3 = 9 jumps

**Question 3**:

**Which number will the kangaroo reach in two jumps?**

**Answer**:

Kangaroo jumps 30 steps.

In two jumps, kangaroo will reach 30 x 2 = 60.

**Question 4**:

**Who all will meet at the number 15?**

**Answer**:

Squirrel: 0, 3, 6, 9, **15**…

Rabbit: 0, 5, 10, **15**…

Horse: 0, **15**, 30…

So, the squirrel, rabbit and horse meet at the number 15.

**Question 5**:

**Will the rabbit ever be at the number 18?**

**Answer**:

No, the rabbit will never be at the number 18.

The rabbit jumps 5 steps. 18 is not divisible by 5. So, the rabbit will never arrive at the number 18.

**Question 6**:

**How many jumps of the rabbit equal one jump of the horse?**

**Answer**:

Rabbit jumps 5 steps.

Horse jumps 15 steps.

15 ÷ 5 = 3

3 jumps of the rabbit are equal to one jump of the horse.

**Question 7**:

**How many jumps of the horse equals two jumps of the kangaroo?**

**Answer**:

One jump of kangaroo = 30 steps

Two jumps of kangaroo = 60 steps

One jump of horse = 15 steps

To reach 60 steps, number of jumps the horse must take = 60 ÷ 15 = 4

Thus, 4 jumps of the horse equals two jumps of the kangaroo.[Alternatively,

1 jump of kangaroo (30 steps) = 2 jumps of horse (2 x 15 steps)

So, 2 jumps of kangaroo (**2** x 30 steps) = 4 jumps of horse (**2** x 2 x 15 steps = 4 x 15 steps)]

**Question 8**:

**Which is the smallest number where the frog and the squirrel will meet?**

**Answer**:

Frog jumps 2 steps.

Squirrel jumps 3 steps.

Frog: 0, 2, 4, **6**, 8, 10…

Squirrel: 0, 3, **6**, 9, 12, 15…

So, 6 is the smallest number where the frog and the squirrel will meet.

**HOW QUICK ARE YOU?**

**Question 1**:

**Divide into groups of 2 using 2 times table.**

**Answer**:

**Question 2**:

**Divide into groups of 5 using 5 times table.**

**Answer**:

**Question 3**:

**Divide into groups of 10 using 10 times table.**

**Answer**: