Class 8 Maths NCERT Solutions for Chapter – 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals Ex – 3.2

Understanding Quadrilaterals

Question 1.
Find x in the following figures.
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals 9
Solution.
We know that the sum of the exterior angles formed by producing the sides of a convex polygon in the same order is equal to 360°. Therefore,
(a) x + 125° + 125° = 360°
⇒ x + 250° = 360°
⇒ x = 360° – 250° = 110°
(b) x + 90° +60° + 90° + 70° = 360°⇒  x + 310° = 360°
⇒  x = 360° – 310° = 50°

Question 2.
Find the measure of each exterior angle of a regular polygon of
(i)
 9 sides
(ii) 15 sides

Solution.
(i) Each exterior angle of a regular polygon of 9 sides
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals 10

(ii) Each exterior angle of a regular polygon of 15 sides
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals 11

Question 3.
How many sides does a regular polygon have if the measure of an exterior angle is 24°?

Solution.
Since the number of sides of a regular polygon
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals 12

Question 4.
How many sides does a regular polygon have if each of its interior angles is 165°?

Solution.
Let there be n sides of the polygon. Then, its each interior angle
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals 13
Thus, there are 24 sides of the polygon.

Question 5.
(a) Is it possible to have a regular polygon with measure of each exterior angle as 22°?
(b) Can it be an interior angle of a regular polygon ? Why?

Solution.
(a) Since the number of sides of a regular polygon
NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 3 Understanding Quadrilaterals 14
\frac { 180 }{ 11 } ,
Which is not a whole number.
A regular polygon with measure of each exterior angle as 22° is not possible.

(b) If interior angle = 22°, then its exterior angle = 180° – 22° = 158°.
But 158 does not divide 360 exactly.
Hence, the polygon is not possible.

Question 6.
(a) What is the minimum interior angle possible for a regular polygon? Why?
(b) What is the maximum exterior angle possible for a regular polygon?

Solution.
(a) The equilateral triangle being a regular polygon of 3 sides has the least measure of an interior angle = 60°.
(b) Since the minimum interior angle of a regular polygon is equal to 60°, therefore, the maximum exterior angle possible for a regular polygon = 180° – 60° – 120°.

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