Class 7 Science NCERT Solutions for Chapter – 10 Respiration in Organisms

Respiration in Organisms

Question 1.
Why does an athlete breathe faster and deeper than usual after finishing the race?

Solution:
During running, the athlete uses lot of energy. So, he/she needs more energy and breathes faster.

Question 2.
List the similarities and differences between aerobic and anaerobic respiration.

Solution:
Similarities :

  1. Energy is released
  2. Carbon dioxide is produced.

Differences :

  1. Anaerobic respiration does not require oxygen while areobic respiration takes place in the presence of oxygen.
  2. Glucose is completely broken down in aerobic respiration but not in anaerobic respiration.

Question 3.
Why do we often sneeze when we inhale a lot of dust-laden air?

Solution:
The air around us has various types of unwanted particles, such as smoke, dust, pollens, etc. When we inhale, the particles get trapped in the hair present in our nasal cavity.

However, sometimes these particles may get pass the hair in thç nasal cavity. Then they irritate the lining of the cavity, as a result of which we sneeze. Sneezing expels these foreign particles from the inhaled air and a dust-free , clean air enters our body.

Question 4.
Take three test-tubes. Fill l/3 rd of each with water. Label them A, B and C. Keep a snail in the test-tube A, a water plant in test-tube B and in C, keep snail and plant both. Which test -tube would have the highest concentration of CO2?

Solution:
Test-tube A will have the highest concentration of CO2 because snail will tape in oxygen and gives out CO2. In test-tube B and C, the CO2 will be utilized by the water plant for synthesizing food and hence there will be less concentration of CO2 in there.

Question 5.
Tick the correct answer :
(a)
In cockroaches, air enters the body through
(i) lungs
(ii) gills
(iii) spiracles
(iv) skin

(b) During heavy exercise, we get cramps in the legs due to the accumulation of
(i) carbon dioxide
(ii) lactic acid
(iii) alcohol
(iv) water

(c) Normal range of breathing rate per minute in an average adult person at rest is :
(i) 9-12
(ii) 15-18
(iii) 21-24
(iv) 30-33

(d) During exhalation, the ribs
(i) move outwards
(ii) move downwards
(iii) move upwards
(iv) do not move at all

Solution:
(a)-(iii)
(b)-(ii)
(c)-(ii)
(d)-(ii).

Question 6.
Match the items in Column I with those in Column II :

Column IColumn II
(a) Yeast(i) Earthworm
(b) Diaphragm(ii) Gills
(c) Skin(iii) Alcohol
(d) Leaves(iv) Chest cavity
(e) Fish(v) Stomata
(f) Frog(vi) Lungs and skin
(vii) Tracheae

Solution:
(a)-(iii)
(b)-(iv)
(c)-(i)
(d)-(v)
(e)-(ii)
(f)-(vi).

Question 7.
Mark ‘T’ if the statement is True and ‘F’ if it is False:

  1. During heavy exercise the breathing rate of a person slows down. (T/F)
  2. Plants carry out photosynthesis only during the day and respiration only at night. (T/F)
  3. Frogs breathe through their skins as well as their lungs. (T/F)
  4. The fishes have lungs for respiration.(T/F)
  5. The size of the chest cavity increases during inhalation. (T/F)

Solution:

  1. F
  2. F
  3. T
  4. F
  5. T.

Question 8.
Given below is a square of letters in which different words related to respiration in organisms are hidden. These words may be present in any direction—upwards, downwards, or along the diagonals. Find the words for your respiratory system. Clues about those words are given below the square.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 10 Respiration in Organisms image 1

  1. The air tubes of insects
  2. Skeletal structures surrounding chest cavity
  3. Muscular floor of chest cavity
  4. Tiny pores on the surface of leaf
  5. Small openings on the sides of the body of an insect
  6. The respiratory organs of human beings
  7. The openings through which we inhale
  8. An anaerobic organism
  9. An organism with tracheal system

Solution:
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 10 Respiration in Organisms image 2

Question 9.
The mountaineers carry oxygen with them because :
(a)
 At an altitude of more than 5 km there is no air.
(b) The amount of air available to a person is less than that available on the ground.
(c) The temperature of air is higher than that on the ground.
(d) The pressure of air is higher than that on the ground.

Solution:
(b) The amount of air available to a person is less than that available on the ground.

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