Class 7 NCERT Solutions for Social Science (History) Chapter – 9 The Making of Regional Cultures

The Making of Regional Cultures

Text Book Page No. 122

Question 1.
Find out how many states have been created in the last 10 years. Is each of these states region ?

Answer:
The three states namely-Uttarakhand, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh have been created in the last 10 years. Yes, each of these state is a region.

Text Book Page No. 123

Question 1.
Find out when the language(s) you speak at home were first used for writing.

Answer:
Students, do it yourselves.
[Hint : Ask your teachers or elders at home.]

Text Book Page No. 125

Question 1.
Did women find a place within these stories ?

Answer:
Yes, women do find a place within these stories.

Text Book Page No. 126

Question 1.
Find out whether there are traditions of heroes/heroines in your town or villages. What are the qualities associated with them ? In what ways are these similar to or different from the heroic ideals of the Rajputs ?

Answer:
Students, do it yourselves.
[Hint : Any local hero/heroes would possess the qualities of loyalty, friendship, love, valour, anger, etc. Most of these qualities would be similar to the heroic ideals of the Rajputs.]

Text Book Page No. 127

Question 1.
Find out more about any one of these dance forms.

Answer:
(1) Bharatanatyam is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu.

(2) Bharatanatyam is a 20th century reconstruction of Cathir, the art of temple dancers. Cathir, in turn, is derived from ancient dance forms.

(3) The word Bharata, some believe, signifies the author of the famous Sanskrit treatise on stagecraft, called Natya Shastra.

(4) Bharatanatyam as a dance form and carnatic music set to it are deeply grounded in Bhakti.’

(5) Bharatanatyam, is the embodiment of music in visual form, a ceremony and an act of devotion.

(6) Dance and music are inseparable forms; only with Sangeetam (words of syllables set to raga or melody) can dance be conceptualized.

(7) Bharatanatyam has three distinct elements to it : Nritta (rhythmic dance movements), Natya (mime, or dance with a dramatic aspect) and Nritya (combination of Nritta and Natya).

Text Book Page No. 130

Question 1.
How, then, did the new language emerge ?

Answer:
The new Bengali language emerged by the evolution and mixing of Sanskrit and local language.

Text Book Page No. 132

Question 1.
Why do you think the second category of texts was not written down ?

Answer:
The second category of early Bengali literature was orally transferred to the new generation.

Text Book Page No. 133

Question 1.
Compare the temple shown here with that in chapter 2 ?

Answer:
The temple in chapter 2 is that of Gangaikonda-chplapuram. It is a well built temple of stone and rock. The intricate design on the roof of the tertiple, which tapers, is the most significant feature of this’ temple. On the other hand, the temple shown here is a double roof thatched hut, which is as simple as it could be.

Text Book Page No. 136

Imagine

Question 1.
You are a Rajput prince. How would you like your story to be told ?

Answer:
I would like my story to be sung on the music by story-tellers at several places in the country.

Exercise Questions and Answers

Let’s Recall

Question 1.
Match the following :

Answer:

AnantavarmanOrissa
JagannathaPuri
MahodayapuramKerala
LilatilakamKerala
MangalakavyaBengal

Question 2.
What is Manipravalam ? Name book written in that language. .

Answer:
Manipravalam, literally means “diamonds and corals”, refers to the two languages — Sanskrit and the regional language of Kerala. A book dealing with grammar and poetics – Lilatilakam. was written in Manipravalam.

Question 3.
Who were the major patrons of Kathak ?

Answer:
The Mughal emperors and their nobles, courtiers of Rajasthan and Nawab of Awadh—Wajid Ali Shah were the major patrons of Kathak.

Question 4.
What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal ?

Answer:
The main architectural features of the temples of Bengal are as under :

  1. The brick and terracotta temples of Bengal were built with the support of several “low” social groups.
  2. Initially, local deities were worshipped in thatched huts in villages.
  3. But, as soon as Brahmanas gave recognition to these local deities, temples were built for them.
  4. Temples copied the double-roofed or four-roofed structure of the thatched huts.
  5. This led to the evolution of typical Bengali style in temple architecture. For example, “Bangla Dome”.
  6. In the complex of four-roofed structure, four triangular roofs placed on the four walls move up to converge on a curved line and a point.
  7. Temples were usually built on a square platform.
  8. The interior was relatively plain, but the outer walls of many temples were decorated with paintings, ornamental tiles or terracotta tablets.

Let’s Discuss

Question 5.
Why did minstrels proclaim the achievements of heroes ?

Answer:
The minstrels proclaimed the achievements of heroes in order to :

  • Preserve their memories.
  • Inspire others to follow their example.

Question 6.
Why do we know much more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people ?

Answer:
Rulers adopted many methods to preserve their achievements, such as, minstrels singing their heroic stories, paintings inscriptions, historical worth, donation to temples, etc., while ordinary people did not do anything to preserve the records of their heroic deeds.
Therefore, we know more about the cultural practices of rulers than about those of ordinary people.

Question 7.
Why did conquerors try to control the temple of Jagannatha at Puri ?

Answer:

  1. The temple of Jagannatha at Puri exerted authority in social and political matters over the people of Orissa.
  2. All those who conquered Orissa, such as Mughals, Marathas and Britishers, attempted to gain control over the temple.
  3. They felt that this would make their rule acceptable to the local people.

Question 8.
Why were temples built in Bengal ?

Answer:
The temple builders of Bengal wanted to demonstrate their power and proclaim their piety. Therefore, they built temples.

Let’s Do

Question 9.
Describe the most important features of the culture of your region, focusing on buildings, performing arts and paintings.

Answer:
Students, do it yourselves.
[Hint : Take Delhi for example.

  1. Architecture of Delhi presents old as well as new buildings, such as Red Fort, Qutb Minar and Parliament House, India Gate.
  2. Delhi is the centre of all types of arts such as dances, plays, poetry sessions, etc.
  3. All types of paintings are found and done in Delhi.]

Question 10.
Do you use different languages for (a) speaking (b) reading, (c) writing ? Find out about one major composition in language that you use and discuss why you find it interesting.

Answer:
Students, do it yourselves.
[Hint-Take for example, Punjabi :

  1. Usually at home, you speak Punjabi.
  2. You read books written in Gurumukhi, Hindi and English languages.
  3. You write in Gurumukhi, Hindi and English languages.
  4. Let one major book of Punjabi (Gurumukhi) language be Guru Granth Sahib.
  5. It is the religious holy book of Sikhs and teaches us about religious tolerance, therefore, it is interesting.]

Question 11.
Choose one state each from north, west, south, east and central India.
For each of these, prepare a list of foods that are commonly consumed, highlighting any differences and similarities that you notice.

Answer:
Students, do it yourselves.
[Hint :

  1. Suppose the five states are Kashmir (north), Gujarat (west), Bengal (east), Madhya Pradesh (central) and Tamil Nadu (south).
  2. Rice is common food item.
  3. There are different ways in which rice is cooked in the above-mentioned states, such as Kashmiri Pulaw, rice and fish (Bengal), rice with Sambhar (south), simple rice with dal (central) and sweet rice kheer (west).]

Question 12.
Choose another set of five states from each of these regions and prepare a list of clothes that are generally worn by women and men in each. Discuss your findings.

Answer:
Students, do it yourselves.
[Hint :

  1. Suppose the states are Punjab (north), Nagaland (east), Rajasthan (west), Kerala (south) and Chhattisgarh (central).
  2. Look for the traditional dresses of these states through the internet. Write down the names for dresses of men and women separately.
  3. Write down the similarities and differences in these dresses.]

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