Class 7 NCERT Solutions for Social Science (Civics) Chapter – 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls

Growing up as Boys and Girls

Text Book Page No. 45

Question 1.
In what ways do the experiences of Samoan children and teenagers differ from your own experiences of growing up ? Is there anything in this experience that you wish was part of your growing up ?

Answer:

  1. The Samoan children and teenagers did not go to school. They look after the younger siblings at home. But, I go to school regularly and have no such responsibility to look after the youngers.
  2. No. There is nothing in this experience that I wish was a part of my growing up.

Question 2.
Why do girls like to go to school together in groups ?

Answer:
The girls like to go to school together in groups, because perhaps they carry fear of being teased or attacked.

Text Book Page No. 45

Question 1.
In what ways do the experiences of Samoan children and teenagers differ from your own experiences of growing up ? Is there anything in this experience that you wish was part of your growing up ?

Answer:

  1. The Samoan children and teenagers did not go to school. They look after the younger siblings at home. But, I go to school regularly and have no such responsibility to look after the youngers.
  2. No. There is nothing in this experience that I wish was a part of my growing up.

Question 2.
Why do girls like to go to school together in groups ?

Answer:
The girls like to go to school together in groups, because perhaps they carry fear of being teased or attacked.

Text Book Page No. 46

Question 1.
Make a drawing of a street or a park in your neighbourhood. Show the different kinds of activities young boys and girls may be engaged in. You could do this individually or in groups.

Answer:
Student do themselves.

Question 2.
(1) Are there as many girls as boys in your drawing ? Most probably you would have drawn fewer girls.

Answer:
No. There are fewer girls in comparison of boys.

(2) Can you think of reasons why there are fewer women and girls in your neighbourhood streets, parks and markets in the late evenings or at night ?

Answer:
There are fewer women and girls in my neighborhood streets, parks and markets in the late evening or at night, because, firstly their population is .less than men and boys, and secondly there is an insecurity to their dignity and respect.

Question 3.
(1) Are girls and boys doing different activities ?
(2) Can you think of reasons why this might be so ?
(3) What would happen if you replaced the girls with the boys and vice versa ?

Answer:
(1) Yes. Girls and boys are doing different activities.

(2) The reasons behind the different activities of girls and boys are as follows :
(a) the girls are supposed to be more vulnerable to their dignity while boys are not generally.
(b) Girls are supposed to do most of the homely jobs in future where as boys are supposed to work outside the house.

(3) If we put the girls in the place of boys it will represent an increase in the number of girls. It would indicate that the attitude of the society has changed regarding the girls. The society is now treating girls differently.

But, if the boys were put in the places of girls, it would indicate that the societies had been more rigid for girls. They were not treating girls friendly and liberally as the boys were treated.

Text book Page No. 49

Question 1.
Were Harmeet and Shonali correct in saying that Harmeet’s mother did not work ?

Answer:

  1. No. Harmeet and Shonali were not correct in saying that Harmeet’s mother did not work.
  2. Because for one day strike by Harmeet’s mother made Papa exhausted and nothing was done on time and in a proper way as she used to do.

Question 2.
What do you think would happen if your mother or those involved in doing the work at home went on a strike for a day ?

Answer:
If my mother or those involved in doing the work at home went on a strike for a day, the consequences would be the following:

  1. I would have been in school uniform without bath.
  2. I would not get the breakfast at right time and a good dish as mother prepared.
  3. I would have to go to school without lunch box because, Papa would not be able to make a dish for my lunch box.

Question 3.
Why do you think that men and boys generally do not do housework ? Do you think they should ?

Answer:
(1) It is assumed in our societies that the house work is something that comes naturally to women and girls. And, it is not correct that men and boys do housework.

(2) This is the reason why boys and men generally don’t do housework. But I think both men and boys should also help women in doing housework.

Text Book Page No. 50

Question 1.
The data given on Page 50 from a special study done by the Central Statistical Organisation of India (1998′ 1999). The blanks are filled below.

Answer:

StateWomen Paid (Work hours per week)Women Unpaid (Housework hours per week)Women (Total)
Haryana233053
Tamil Nadu193554
StateMen Paid (Work hours per week)Men Unpaid (Housework hours per week)Men (Total)
Haryana38240
Tamil Nadu40444

Question 2.
What are the total number of working hours spent by women in Haryana and Tamil Nadu each week ?

Answer:
The total number of working hours spent by women in Haryana = 53 hours
The total number of working hours spent by women in Tamil Nadu = 54 hours

Question 3.
How does this compare with the total number of work hours spent by men ?

Answer:

Women/MenTotal work hours in HaryanaTotal work hours in Tamil Nadu
Women5354
Men4044

Text Book Page No. 52

Question 1.
What do you think this poster shown on page 52 of textbook is trying to say ?

Answer:

  1. The poster shown on textbook page 52 is trying to say that they are demanding their different fundamental rights.
  2. These rights are as follows right to strike or protest against inequality, right to justice through the courts, right to health right to movement along with driving permission, and the right to work outside the house.

Question 2.
The poster shown on page 52 of the textbook was created by a women’s group in Bengal. Can you write an interesting slogan for the poster ?

Answer:
Woman does all the works to take care of and save the children, family and the society but what she gets in return are insult, taunts and beating. Slogan : “We work for men our work is in vain”

Exercise Questions and Answers

Question 1.
Are the statements given below true or false. Support your answer with the use of an example
Statements :

(a) All societies do not think similarly about the roles that boys and girls play.
Answer:

True
Because in one society the girls are not allowed to get modern education and do service in offices. But another society give them liberty to modern education and also what they like along with, permission to work in offices. For examples, Muslim society does not allow the girls generally to get modern education and do work in offices, whereas the Christian community supports them for this.

(b) Our society does not make distinctions between boys and girls when they are growing up.
Answer:

False
Our society makes distinction between boys and girls since very childhood. The parents prefer boys in playing outside the house, their nourishment, clothing, and giving career education. For example, girls are refused to play outside by saying that it is not good for girls, to play outside.

(c) Women who stay at home do not work.
Answer:

False
The women who stay at home do more work than the work done by men. These women get up as early as 5 o clock in the morning and continue as late as twelve at night. These women do various physical work at home such as sweeping and cleaning, washing clothes and making dishes, looking after young children or the elders.

(d) The work that women do is less valued than that of men.
Answer:

True
The work that women do is not properly valued. Because, women do not get payments for most of these works. They do sweeping, cleaning, washing, cooking and caring of children and elders at home, and receptionist, personal assistants, public relations, etc, in the offices. But, their work is under estimated.

Question 2.
Housework is invisible and unpaid work. Housework is physically demanding. Housework is time consuming. Write in your own words what is meant by the terms invisible 1 physically demanding , and time consuming ? Give one example of each based on the household tasks undertaken by women in your home.

Answer:
Invisible : The terms ‘ Invisible ‘ in context of housework means the work that women do within the home is not recognised as work. It is supposed that this is something that comes naturally to women. For example, cooking food and caring the children at home. That is why it remains unpaid.

Physically demanding : The term ‘physically demanding means the work that women do as a housework requires physical labour and causes great exertion. For example, sweeping and cleaning of the floors, washing clothes and making dishes, cooking by standing for long hours in front of hot-stoves.

Time consuming : The term ‘time consuming’ in housework means that women spend long hours in working at home. For example, they normally begin as early as five in the morning and end as late as twelve at night. Also caring for children, the old people and sometime sicks takes time.

Question 3.
Make a list of toys and games that boys typically play and another for girls. If there is a difference between the two lists, can you think of some reasons why this is so ? Does this have any relationship to the roles children have to play as adults ?

Answer:

ToysGames
Boys : Car, Jeep, Revolver, Video-games, Aeroplane, Helicopter, Jet fighterCricket, Football, Kabaddi, Shooting
Girls : Dolls, Gudda- Guddia, Singar box, Musical instrumentsSwimming, Gymnastic, Tennis, Table tennis, Badminton

Reasons for difference : The boys are given those toys which are tough/hard. They play most of the games. The outdoor girls play with those toys which are easy-way play and have feministic feature. Most of the games they play are indoor.

Relationship with adulthood : These toys and the games, the boys’and girls play with have somehow the relationship to the roles they have to play as adults.

Question 4.
If you have someone working as a domestic help in your house or locality talk to her and find out a little bit more about her life who are her family members ? Where is her home ? How many hours does she work ? How much does she get paid ? Write a small story based on these details.

Answer:
A domestic helper in my locality :
Name : Soodha
Her family-member : Old father, sick mother is, three younger brothers and two younger sisters.
Her home : Midnapur, a village near Hoogly river, West Bengal.
Working hours : Nineteen hours a day.
Her salary : Two thousand per month along with fooding and lodging.
Story : Soodha, a domestic helper in the house of Guptaji, my neighbour, says about

herself as :I work as a domestic helper since I was eight years old in the Kothi of Babu Sahib in my village. I came Delhi with my cousin when I was ten years old and worked with her for two years.

Guptaji is my second employer :There are four members in the Gupta family Guptaji (Bade Sahib) is a doctor in a government hospital and Memsahib is PRO in a multinational company.

They have two children, daughter Sweta six years old and the son is Ashok, eight years, studying in a convent school. I wake up at 5:30 in the early morning and sweep the house. I prepare breakfast for all the four and keep ready their lunch boxes. I clean the floor when they go to offices and schools.

Then wash the clothes and prepare dishes. I bring the children from the school at 2 o’clock and prepare their mid-day meal. I take care of them very strictly. Bade Sahib- and Memsahib come at 5:30 in the evening. I give them coffee with light snacks. Sometimes Ashok and Sweta complain to Memsahib against me.

Question 1.
Make a drawing of a street or a park in your neighbourhood. Show the different kinds of activities young boys and girls may be engaged in. You could do this individually or in groups.

Answer:
Student do themselves.

Question 2.
(1) Are there as many girls as boys in your drawing ? Most probably you would have drawn fewer girls.

Answer:
No. There are fewer girls in comparison of boys.

(2) Can you think of reasons why there are fewer women and girls in your neighbourhood streets, parks and markets in the late evenings or at night ?

Answer:
There are fewer women and girls in my neighbourhood streets, parks and markets in the late evening or at night, because, firstly their population is .less than men and boys, and secondly there is an insecurity to their dignity and respect.

Question 3.
(1) Are girls and boys doing different activities ?
(2) Can you think of reasons why this might be so ?
(3) What would happen if you replaced the girls with the boys and vice versa ?

Answer:
(1) Yes. Girls and boys are doing different activities.

(2) The reasons behind the different activities of girls and boys are as follows :
(a) the girls are supposed to be more vulnerable to their dignity while boys are not generally.
(b) Girls are supposed to do most of the homely jobs in future where as boys are supposed to work outside the house.

(3) If we put the girls in the place of boys it will represent an increase in the number of girls. It would indicate that the attitude of the society has changed regarding the girls. The society is now treating girls differently.

But, if the boys were put in the places of girls, it would indicate that the societies had been more rigid for girls. They were not treating girls friendly and liberally as the boys were treated.

Question 4.
The poster shown on page 52 of the textbook was created by a women’s group in Bengal. Can you write an interesting slogan for the poster ?

Answer:
Woman does all the works to take care of and save the children, family and the society but what she gets in return are insult, taunts and beating. Slogan : “We work for men our work is in vain”

She is very harsh, she scolds me frequently. But Bade Sahib is kind. Memsahib gives me the food that remains in plates of the children and some of her. I don’t like that but have to eat. I have to massage the body of the children till twelve in the night. All these things, I have to do to earn money for the support of my parents. My brothers and sisters are studying with the help of my earning.

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