Class 6 Science NCERT Solutions for Chapter – 2 Components of Food

Components of Food

Question 1.
Name the major nutrients in our food.

Answer:
The major nutrients in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.

Question 2.
Name the following :

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
Answer:
Carbohydrates and fats

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
Answer:
Proteins

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
Answer:
Vitamin A

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.
Answer:
Calcium

Question 3.
Name two foods each rich in :

(a) Fats
Answer:
Fats – Butter, Ground nuts.

(b) Starch
Answer:
Starch – Potato, Rice

(c) Dietary fibre
Answer:
Dietary fibre – Whole grain flour, Fresh fruits.

(d) Protein
Answer:
Protein – Pulses, Milk.

Question 4.
Tick (✓) the statements that are correct:

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( )
Answer:
By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. (×)

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )
Answer:
Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (✓)

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )
Answer:
Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (✓)

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )
Answer:
Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (×)

Question 5.
Fill in the blanks :

(a) ________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
Answer:
Rickets

(b) Deficiency of ________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.
Answer:
Vitamin B

(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disease known as ________.
Answer:
Scurvy

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ________ in our food.
Answer:
Vitamin A

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