Class 6 NCERT Social Science (History) Solution Chapter – 2 On the Trail of the Earliest People


Let’s recall

Question 1:

Complete the sentences:

(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because —–

(b) Grasslands developed around ——- years ago.

(c) Early people painted on the——-of caves.

(d) In Hunsgi, tools were made of——-

Solution 1:

(a) Hunter-gatherers chose to live in caves and rock shelters because they provided shelter from rain, heat and wind.

(b) Grasslands developed around 12000 years ago.

(c) Early people painted on the walls of caves.

(d) In Hunsgi, tools were made of stones.

Question 2:

Look at the present-day political map of the subcontinent on page 136. Find out the states where Bhimbetka, Hunsgi and Kurnool are located. Would Tushar’s train have passed near any of these sites?

Solution 2:

Bhimbetka is in Madya Pradesh

Hungsi is in Karnatka

Tushar is in Andra Pradeh

Let’s discuss

Question 3:

Why did the hunter-gatherers travel from place to place? In what ways are these similar to/different from the reasons for which we travel today?

Solution 3:

Hunter- gatherers travelled from one place to another in search of food. When food at one place is exhausted then they travel to another place where they can find the food. Now a days, people travel not for food but for other reasons such as:

  • they like travelling
  • they want to explore new places
  • they travel to meet relatives and friends

Question 4:

What tools would you use today for cutting fruit? What would they be made of?

Solution 4:

The tool we use today for cutting fruit is knife. The knife is made up of steel/iron.

Question 5:

List three ways in which hunter-gatherers used fire (see page16). Would you use fire for any of these purposes today?

Solution 5:

Earlier hunter gatherers used fire for:

  • Cooking
  • Clearing of forests
  • Saving from wild animals

Yes, we do use fire for cooking.

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