Class 6 NCERT Social Science (History) Solution Chapter – 1 What, Where, How and When?




You have to interview an archaeologist. Prepare a list of five questions that you would like to ask her /him.


  • You have to interview an archaeologist. Prepare a list of five questions that you would like to ask her /him.
  • What is archeology?
  • What are different branches of archeology?
  • What does archeologist do?
  • What is the importance of Archeology?
  • If an archeologist has to find out the time period of any finding what is the process or method.

Let’s recall

Question 1:

Match the following:

Narmada Valley The first big kingdom

Magadha Hunting and gathering

Garo hills Cities about 2500 years ago

Indus and its tributaries Early agriculture

Ganga Valley The first cities

Solution 1:

Narmada Valley Hunting and gathering

Magadha The first big kingdom

Garo hills Early agriculture

Indus and its tributaries The first cities

Ganga Valley Cities about 2500 years ago

Question 2:

List one major difference between manuscripts and inscriptions.

Solution 2:

Manuscripts: They were written by hand (this comes from the Latin word ‘manu’, meaning hand). These were usually written on palm leaf, or on the specially prepared bark of a tree known as the birch, which grows in the Himalayas.

Inscriptions: These are writings on relatively hard surfaces such as stone or metal.

Let’s discuss

Question 3:

Return to Rasheeda’s question. Can you think of some answers to it?

Solution 3:



How anyone can know what has happened One Hundred Years Ago.


We can get the answers by:

  • Reading the books written in past.
  • By manuscripts
  • By inscriptions
  • By tools & weapons

Question 4:

Make a list of all the objects that archaeologists may find. Which of these could be made of stone?

Solution 4:

Archaeologists may find these things in their findings:

  • Potteries
  • Statues
  • Ornaments
  • Tools
  • Skeletons
  • Toys
  • Cloth

Out of these Potteries, statues and Ornaments can be made up of stones.

Question 5:

Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did?

Solution 5:

Ordinary Men and Women did not keep record of what they did because of two reasons:

  • Their life was full of difficulties.
  • They would not be having enough time of recording their lives.

Question 6:

Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings would have been different from those of farmers.

Solution 6: