CLASS 10 MATH NCERT SOLUTIONS FOR CHAPTER – 10 CIRCLES EX – 10.2

Circles

Question 1.
From a point Q, the length of the tangent to a circle is 24 cm and the distance of Q from the centre is 25 cm. The radius of the circle is

(a) 7 cm
(b) 12 cm
(c) 15 cm
(d) 24.5 cm

Solution:
Ex 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q1

Question 2.
In figure, if TP and TQ are the two tangents to a circle with centre O so that ∠POQ = 110°, then ∠PTQ is equal to

(a) 60°
(b) 70°
(c) 80°
(d) 90°
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.2 Q1

Solution:
Ex 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q2

Question 3.
If tangents PA and PB from a point P to a circle with centre O are inclined to each other at angle of 80°, then ∠POA is equal to

(a) 50°
(b) 60°
(c) 70°
(d) 80°

Solution:
Ex 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q3

Question 4.
Prove that the tangents drawn at the ends of a diameter of a circle are parallel.

Solution:
Exercise 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q4

Question 5.
Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact to the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.

Solution:
Exercise 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q5

Question 6.
The length of a tangent from a point A at distance 5 cm from the centre of the circle is 4 cm. Find the radius of the circle.

Solution:
Exercise 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q6

Question 7.
Two concentric circles are of radii 5 cm and 3 cm. Find the length of the chord of the larger circle which touches the smaller circle.

Solution:
Circles Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 10.2 PDF Q7

Question 8.
A quadrilateral ABCD is drawn to circumscribe a circle (see figure). Prove that AB + CD = AD + BC.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.2 Q8

Solution:
Circles Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 10.2 PDF Q8

Question 9.
In figure, XY and X’Y’ are two parallel tangents to a circle , x with centre O and another tangent AB with point of contact C intersecting XY at A and X’Y’ at B. Prove that ∠AOB = 90°.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.2 Q9

Solution:
Chapter 10 Maths Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 10.2 PDF Q9

Question 10.
Prove that the angle between the two tangents drawn from an external point to a circle is supplementary to the angle subtended by the line segment joining the points of contact at the centre.

Solution:
Chapter 10 Maths Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 10.2 PDF Q10

Question 11.
Prove that the parallelogram circumscribing a circle is a rhombus.

Solution:
Ch 10 Maths Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 10.2 PDF Q11

Question 12.
A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively (see figure). Find the sides AB and AC.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 10 Circles Ex 10.2 Q12

Solution:
Ch 10 Maths Class 10 NCERT Solutions Ex 10.2 PDF Q12

Question 13.
Prove that opposite sides of a quadrilateral circumscribing a circle subtend supplementary angles at the centre of the circle.

Solution:
Ex 10.2 Class 10 Maths Solutions NCERT PDF Q13

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